The Ganga River is among the biggest basin in Asia, streaming for generally more than 2,500 km, covering 26% of India’s landmass. It is a trans-limit waterway shaping the world’s biggest delta, Sunderbans. As the remainders of the eastern edge of the Tethys Sea, the Ganga Basin is home to a wide assortment of relic, uncommon and undermined species. These incorporate the Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica), three types of otters viz. the Smooth-covered otter (Lutrogale perspicillata), Eurasian otter (lutra) and the Small mauled otter (Aonyx cinereus), the Critically Endangered Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), Mugger or Indian swamp crocodile (Crocodylus palustris), Estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) and no less than 12 types of freshwater turtles, including the Critically Endangered Batagur kachuga. Inside the Ganga River framework, 143 distinctive freshwater angle species, having a place with 11 orders, 32 families and 72 genera have been accounted for including the Critically Endangered Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus), Gangetic stingray (Himantura fluviatilis), Golden mahseer (Tor putitora) and Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha).
The Ganga Basin covers a region of about 1 million km2. The Basin is among the most thickly populated stream basin on the planet, supporting in excess of 100 Class I and II urban communities and towns, and a large number of towns. The consistently expanding interest for improvement has brought about water shortage and water quality corruption all through the basin. About the majority of the sewage, infrequently treated, from these settlements enters the basin’s conduits. Notwithstanding these household and modern toxins, many human bodies and a huge number of creature corpses are discharged in to the stream every day as profound customs. Populace weights, scarcity of interest in water quality framework and an absence of strengthening of the general population keep on contributing to the falling apart condition of the Ganga.
The amphibian natural life of the Ganga Basin, including the fundamental stem Ganga River, is in hazard because of decrease in water level, contamination and over abuse of riverine assets, prompting environment corruption. The expanding human populace, modern improvement, deforestation, fracture of waterway frameworks by different hindrances and water shortage and diminished water stream because of preoccupation and unregulated deliberation have had genuine unfriendly effects on amphibian species, especially angle, with an unfaltering decay found in the populaces of a few animal types, including the economically abused hilsa, brilliant mahseer and additionally other catfish and minnows. Also, commit amphibian species like waterbirds and island settling fowls are incredibly affected because of the adjustment in the framework.
The territory of task of SMCG-UP will be the Ganga River Basin of Uttar Pradesh. The territory of task might be broadened, shifted or adjusted in future, by the Governing Council of the Ganga River basin.